Lagoon El Yunko
Galapagos Islands, San Cristobal (Chatham)

Lagoon El Yunko - a freshwater lake formed in the crater of an extinct volcano, located in the highlands of the island of San Cristobal, 16 km from the city of Puerto Bakeriso Moreno. The lake is located at an altitude of 700 meters above sea level, its area is 60,000 square meters, the volume of water is 360,000 cubic meters. The diameter of the lake is 270 meters, the maximum depth is 6 meters. The lake is filled due to rainwater, during the dry period the water level in it decreases by 1 meter. In the rainy season, the amount of water increases sharply, the crater overflows, and a stormy stream rushes into the valley, sweeping away everything in its path. The lagoon is surrounded by lush vegetation; sedge, guava and giant tree-like ferns grow here. El Yunko is one of the few places where you can see the Frigate bird. These birds fly to the lake to swim in fresh water and "clean feathers". Until 1966, no fish were found in the lake, water studies showed the absence of nitrates in it. With the development of farms on the slopes of the volcano, in the lake since 1977, the presence of nitrates has been recorded, local residents launched a mullet fish in the reservoir. The lagoon of El Junco is a popular destination on the island for ecotourism, a hiking trail is equipped for visitors, the route is designed for one and a half to two hours. Tourists cross several vegetation zones on their way, from the top of the volcano a beautiful panoramic view of most of the island of San Cristobal and the Pacific Ocean opens.

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