Peru, Cusco

The city of Sikuani, the administrative center of the province of Kanchis, is located in the southeast of the central part of Peru, in the Cuzco region, at an altitude of 3552 meters above sea level. In the XV century, the area was inhabited by small Indian tribes, which often waged internecine wars. After the capture of Peru by the conquistadors, these territories came under Spanish rule. On August 29, 1834, 10 years after Peru gained independence, Sikuani became the administrative center of Kanchis province, and in 1887 acquired the status of a city. The rapid growth of the city coincided with the construction of the southern railway of Cuzco-Sikuani, agriculture, processing industry and tourism infrastructure began to develop. Among the tourist attractions, the Church of the Immaculate Conception, located on the central city square Plaza de Armas, deserves special attention. The temple was built in the late XVI century in a colonial style, made of sand and limestone. The main altar and wall paintings have been preserved from the decoration of the church. On March 17, 1863, a meeting of representatives of the southern regions of Peru — Cuzco, Ayacucho, and Puno — took place in the House of the Confederation. Another attraction is the Pampachuko Temple, in August it is visited by many believers and pilgrims, since 1941 the annual Pampachuko Fair has been held in the square in front of the temple, during which, in addition to religious processions and prayers, performances of dance and folk groups, festivals and an exhibition of local works craftsmen. 8 km from the city are the hot thermal springs of Uyurmiri, which are famous for their healing water, which helps to cure arthritis, rheumatism and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The rich history, beautiful nature and healing water of Uyurmiri attract many tourists from all over the world in Sikuani.