Racci
Peru, San Pedro

Racci - an archaeological site of the Inca era, located in Peru, in the department of Cuzco, at an altitude of 3,500 meters above sea level. The ruins of the religious and administrative center of Rakchi occupy an area of 1 hectare, its construction lasted for many years, each ruler contributed to the creation of the temple complex. During the reign of the leaders of Pachakutek and Tupak Yupanka, the complex was significantly expanded, new buildings and structures were built. In the Inca era, there was a checkpoint on the border of two regions, as well as warehouses for storing food and an artificial reservoir for water. Racci stood the test of time, numerous earthquakes, but was destroyed by the Spanish conquerors. The most important building in the complex is a temple dedicated to the creator god Viracocha, its length is 92 meters, width - 25 meters, height - 12 meters. The base of the walls of this magnificent structure was made of well-fitted stones, the rest of it was made of adobe, covered with a thin layer of clay. Windows were carved in the walls, the roof was supported by 22 cylindrical columns (11 on each side of the temple), up to now only one has survived from them. Rakchi Temple is the only example of using columns in Inca architecture. To the north of the temple was a settlement of 22 houses in which priests, nobles and servants lived. The village was divided into quarters with straight streets and a square-shaped patio at each house. In the eastern part of the complex were storage facilities. The round buildings, measuring 200 by 120 meters, were built of volcanic tuff, cemented together, and covered with straw. They stored grain, corn, dried potatoes, as well as ceramic dishes, fabrics and other household items. Near Rakchi was an artificial reservoir with stone fountains, most likely serving for cleansing rituals and sacred ceremonies. On the eastern side of the slope were Inca baths carved from diorite stone, in which solemn baths were performed. Near the archaeological site, there is a local market, where there is a lively trade in souvenirs, local artisans, ceramic dishes and carpets made from the wool of the famous Peruvian llama.

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