Coricancha (Temple of the Sun)
Peru, Cusco

The ruins of Coricancha (Temple of the Sun), once one of the most significant and magnificent Inca temple complexes, are located in Peru, in the city of Cuzco. The complex was erected in honor of the main gods of the Inca pantheon - the highest god of the sun Inti, the Moon, Venus, Rainbow, Thunder and the creator god Viracocha. Presumably, Korikancha was built in the middle of the 15th century, under the tenth ruler of the Incas, Tupake Yupanka, however, in the Inca mythology, a temple was erected on this site at the beginning of the XII century. The layout of the site on which the temple complex was located resembled in shape a sun with diverging rays. The massive walls of the complex were made of rectangular stone blocks carved from granite and andesite. Many door and window openings passed sunlight into the buildings, which "made" the gold inside the temples shine even brighter. The doors, the outer walls of the temples and the interior were covered with gold leaf and precious stones. The main temple of Korikancha - the Temple of the Sun impressed with luxury and wealth. The walls and floors were covered with sheets of pure gold (there is evidence that there were 700 sheets, each weighing about 2 kg). In the temple there was a golden figure of the god Inti encrusted with precious stones, as well as altars, vases, statues of babies, a giant mask in the form of a sun disk with diverging rays, bracelets, scepters and other items made of pure gold and silver. The Golden Garden was not inferior in its magnificence to the interior decoration of the temple. Everything in it was made of gold and silver - a large field of life-size corn, figures of llamas, jaguars, guinea pigs, monkeys, birds, butterflies and other insects. Gold and silver jugs instructed by emeralds and rubies were placed throughout the garden. Five other temples were located around the central square of Coricancha. The walls of the temple of the moon (wife of the sun god) were covered with silver plates, which corresponded to the Inca's idea of the nature of this celestial body. In addition, a repository for the mummified remains of the former Inca emperors and their wives, living quarters for priests, a treasury and a treasury were built in Coricancha. On the territory of the complex there were five fountains that were used for ritual ceremonies, and an underground channel through which sacred water on the days of great holidays flowed outside of Coricancha. All this magnificence was destroyed and plundered by the Spanish conquerors, gold items were melted into bars for the treasury of the Spanish crown, and the cathedral and monastery of Santo Domingo were built on the ruins of the Temple of the Sun in 1650. A massive 1950 earthquake damaged the cathedral, resulting in the discovery of the ruins of the temple of the god Inti. The remains of its stone walls from monolithic blocks are all that remain of the former greatness of Coricancha.

Tourist Objects nearby
Sacsayhuaman Archaeological Site in Cuzco
Sacsayhuaman Archaeological Site in Cuzco
Kenko Temple (Qenko)
Kenko Temple (Qenko)
Puka Pukara Fortress
Puka Pukara Fortress
Tambombachai Water Temple
Tambombachai Water Temple
Auanacancha
Auanacancha
Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Cusco Cathedral)
Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Cusco Cathedral)
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