Chan chan
Peru, Trujillo

On the coastal plains of Peru, stretching strip between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, there are no significant quarries. The main building material here has long been adobe - clay-dried brick in the sun. In Chan Chan you can see the ruins of an ancient city, which was entirely built from this brick. Once Chan-Chan was the capital of the rich, powerful and densely populated state of Chimu. Chan Chan, created by the ancient people of Chimu in the 12th century, is the largest clay city in the world. The archaeological area covers 20 square kilometers and it is estimated that more than 100 thousand people lived in the city. The Chimu Indians were very skilled architects and engineers (they could survive in these parts only thanks to the ingenious and complex water supply system), and besides, they achieved great success in metal processing. There is reason to believe that the walls of the main buildings of the city were trimmed with plates of gold. Even today, you can appreciate the grace and beauty of ornaments made on clay brick, depicting stylized animals and the gods of the ancient "Chimu", but all other valuable jewelry of Chan-Chan have long disappeared. The Chimu Indians lived in a very strictly organized community. The rectangular contours of the city and its breakdown into different areas give reason to believe that in this state logic and order were in great honor. Apparently, several thousand people lived in each of the fenced city blocks. The city center forms the temple fortress Tshudi. The Hall of 24 niches was especially well preserved. Now it is a rectangular courtyard surrounded by a wall in which niches are built, you can sit in them. According to some hypotheses, the council of elders met here. Excellent acoustics made it possible to have a conversation - this can be seen today. According to another hypothesis, in the niches stood the figures of the gods. However, one can only guess about the purpose of many buildings of this city. The hall of 24 niches belongs to the complex of buildings, which was enclosed by a high protective wall. Here you can also see the ruins of the huts, a pool for collecting water, administrative buildings and platforms on which various religious ceremonies were held. The Tshudi Fortress Temple forms one of the ten districts that made up the city of Chan Chan. Some of these areas were surrounded by high, nine-meter walls. Other attractions in the city include the Emerald Temple (Niaka Esmeralda) and the Rainbow Temple (Templo del kg with Iris), also called the Dragon Temple (Niaka del Dragon). The emerald temple was excavated in 1923, and two years later it was badly damaged by heavy rains. This building is in the form of a two-tier pyramid, unusually richly decorated with relief ornaments with motifs of marine flora and fauna. The Rainbow Temple has the same rich and varied decor. The archaeological complex houses a museum and a place to stop tourism lovers and review the complex. The Chan Chan complex in Peru delights tourists. In 1986, UNESCO declared it the heritage of humanity.

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