Archaeological Complex Ingapirka
Ecuador, Canar

Archaeological Complex Ingapirka is one of the most significant archaeological sites of the Inca civilization in Ecuador. The ruins of the city are located in the province of Cañar, at an altitude of 3200 meters above sea level, occupy an area of 4 hectares. Translated from the Quechua Indians, Ingapirka means "Inca Walls." The surviving structures date back to the XV-XVI centuries, but even earlier on this site the Kanyari people built a fortress, subsequently conquered by the Incas. The Incas significantly strengthened and expanded the structure, turning it into a small city. Apertures of windows and doors of a trapezoidal shape, masonry of stones without cement screed and roof construction with protruding horizontal poles prove the buildings belong to the Inca architectural style. An underground aqueduct was also built in the city, supplying it with uninterrupted water. Ingapirka was of great strategic importance, a good location on a high hill made it possible to notice the approach of the enemy in time and repel the attack. The city was also the religious center of the Incas. In the center of the complex is the Temple of the Sun, built in the shape of an ellipse. It held religious and ritual ceremonies. The location of the building ensured the penetration of sunlight through the central entrance to the interior of the temple during the solstice. Having conquered Ingapirka, the Incas did not destroy the building built by the canyari. Next to the Temple of the Sun is the Temple of the Moon, in which ritual rites of the Kanyari people were held (the Incas worshiped the god of the Sun, Kanyari worshiped the god of the Moon). On the territory of the complex, the remains of the houses of priests, ritual baths and stairs leading to them have been preserved. To the right of the Temple of the Sun is the area where sacrifices were held. Here, archaeologists discovered a large stone with 28 holes, which, presumably, were used as a lunar calendar. On the plain, located at the foot of the hill, are the remains of farm buildings. It housed food storage facilities and wine cellars. During the excavation, ceramics, gold and copper jewelry, fragments of clothing and burials of nobles were discovered. The complex has a small archaeological museum.

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