Komodo National Park
Indonesia, Komodo

Komodo National Park is located in Indonesia, between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores, consists of the islands of Komodo, Padar and Rinko and 26 small islands that are part of the Lesser Sunda Islands archipelago. Islands of volcanic origin are located at the junction of two continental plates, between the Australian and Sunda shelves, in one of the most active seismic regions of the Earth. Komodo National Park was created on March 6, 1980 with the aim of preserving Komodo’s monitor lizards, the largest of the existing lizards in the world, which are called Komodo dragons for their huge size and aggressive behavior, as well as their habitat and the ecosystem of coral reefs located between the islands. In 1991, Komodo Park was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The national park covers an area of 173,000 hectares of land and sea areas. The landscape of the islands is a low mountains and hilly hills, "rugged" gorges. The coastal line has many bays, sandy beaches and bays with sheer cliffs overhanging the sea. Komodo Park is the driest place in Indonesia; from May to October, the average daily temperature does not drop below 40 ° Celsius. The hot and dry climate of the islands is optimal for Komodo’s monitor lizards living in the savannah area, which occupy 70% of the islands. Currently, there are 4647 Komodo dragons in the park, this is the entire population of the planet, since they are not found anywhere else. An adult animal grows up to 3 meters, weighs about 90 kg. Young lizards feed on insects, lizards and birds, while adults attack wild boars, horses and buffaloes. The saliva of the Komodo monitor lizard contains about 60 species of deadly bacteria; from its bite, the victim can die within one day or in several weeks. Timore deer, wild horses, wild boars, wild buffalo, coyotes, fruit bats and long-tailed monkeys also live in the park. In Komodo Park, 111 species of birds, 34 species of reptiles, including cobra, Russell's rattlesnake, viper, white-chested keffiyeh, python, geckos, sea green turtle and bisse tortoise were recorded. Mangroves grow on the shores of bays and bays; at 500 meters above sea level, sections of the rainforest are found. The coral reefs of the park are considered one of the most beautiful and "inhabited" in the world. There are 260 species of coral, 70 species of sponges, more than 1000 species of fish, many species of jellyfish, starfish, mollusks, lobsters and marine invertebrates. In the waters of Komodo Park, there are 5 types of whales, 10 species of dolphins and the only modern representative of the detachment of sirens, the dugong, listed in the Red Book, migratory routes. To see the "living fossil" - the Komodo dragon, rare species of mammals and reptiles, to get acquainted with the amazing world of coral reefs, thousands of tourists from all over the world visit the Komodo National Park. In the park, visitors are offered several tourist routes along the islands of Komodo and Rinka, excursions are allowed only accompanied by licensed guides. To avoid accidents, it is forbidden to come close to the Komodo lizards, make noise and provoke animals. Visitors can also go diving, snorkeling, go on a boat trip on a yacht, observe whales and dolphins, swim in the clear waters of the Flores Sea and soak up the white sand beaches.

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