Bahai Worship House (Lotus Temple)
India, New Delhi

The Bahai House of Worship or Lotus Temple is the main Bahai temple of the Indian subcontinent, located in India, in New Delhi. The construction of the temple was carried out from 1978 to 1986, the author of the project of this unusual building, having the form of the sacred flower of India - the lotus, is the architect Fariborz Sahba. When creating the project, the architect had to take into account the requirements of the Bahá'í faith in the structure of his temples (a rounded rectangular building, sometimes a dome, no images on the walls, lack of sculptures, chairs and altars), which prompted Fariborz Sahba to build a building in the form of a snow-white lotus flower , which is associated among the inhabitants of India with God, purity and tenderness. Thus, the Delhi temple meets all the canons of Bahai and, at the same time, stands out for its unusualness among other religious buildings of this faith. The temple has the shape of a half-bloomed lotus flower with a diameter of 75 meters, consists of 27 separate petals, lined with snow-white marble, mined on Mount Penteli in Greece. Each triple of petals forms one of the nine sides of the temple. Each side has an entrance leading to the main hall about 40 meters high, capable of simultaneously accommodating up to 2500 people. The temple, surrounded by nine pools, is located in the center of a huge park with an area of 10.5 hectares. The Bahai faith is based on the principles of the unity of God, religions and humanity, so the doors of the temple are open to all believers, no matter what religion they practice. Immediately after its opening, the temple became the most visited building in the world, ahead of the Eiffel Tower and the Taj Mahal. Every day, the temple is visited by 80,000-100,000 people, more than 70 million people have visited the Lotus Temple since its opening. The Lotus Temple and its creator have received many prestigious architectural awards and prizes. The Bahai House of Worship is on the list of outstanding buildings of the twentieth century.