Italy, Pompeii

Pompeii is a unique open-air museum located near Naples at the foot of Mount Vesuvius in the Campania region. This is an ancient Roman city that was buried under a layer of volcanic ash as a result of the eruption of Vesuvius on August 24, 79. It is currently listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as a historical monument.
The settlement of Pompeii was founded in the VI century BC. Oskami - hill tribes. In the first centuries of its existence, the city experienced repeated clashes between the Greeks and Etruscans, as a result of which it passed from one hand to another. In the 5th century BC The campaign, along with all the cities, was conquered by the Samnites, who were later defeated by the Romans. In the 4th century BC Pompeii became part of the Roman state. Due to the favorable geographical position on the Via Appia, connecting the capital of the empire with southern Italy, the city flourished, was built up with villas of noble Romans, trade and craft were developed here.
The city of Pompeii lasted eight centuries, until the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. It led to the death of three cities: Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabia and several small villages and villas. The eruption happened completely unexpectedly for residents who were sure that the volcano had been sleeping for a long time. The only harbinger was the strong earthquake that occurred in '62, 17 years before the Pompeii tragedy.
The cities buried under the ashes for almost 1700 years disappeared from the memory of people, until the architect Domenico Fontana, who laid a canal from the Sarno River in 1592, accidentally stumbled upon a part of the city wall. In 1689, the ruins of an ancient building were found containing an inscription with the word "Pompeii". However, purposeful excavations began only in 1748 under the leadership of R.J. Alcubierre.
The first of all cities was excavated Pompeii. And during the excavation, it turned out that everything in the city was preserved as it was before the eruption. Under the multi-meter thick ash were found streets, houses with a complete interior, the remains of people and animals who did not have time to escape. Despite the fact that all the inhabitants died, the city itself remained the same as two thousand years ago: a forum, a city hall, an amphitheater, temples, baths, bakeries, a basilica, apartment buildings, even murals and other ancient values, which in all other respects Italy has long since disappeared - all this has been preserved in excellent condition.
A visit to Pompeii makes an extraordinary impression on travelers, forcing them to be in the past and see with their own eyes how people lived twenty centuries ago. Currently, archaeologists continue to excavate, although Pompeii has already been declared a world monument and is open to the public. In the city-museum for tourists there is a hotel and a car rental service.

Excursions with this Tour Object
Tourist Objects nearby
Vesuvius National Park
Vesuvius National Park