Moremi Nature Reserve
Botswana, National parks

Moremi Nature Reserve, one of the most beautiful nature reserves in Africa, is located in northern Botswana, in the Okavango Delta. This is the first reserve on the African continent, created by local tribes in the territory of their residence. The sharp decrease in the number of wild animals due to uncontrolled hunting, the use of land for pasture for cattle, and, as a result, the rapid destruction of natural resources, caused great concern among the local tribes living on these lands. In 1963, in order to save the unique natural range from destruction, the leaders of the Batavan tribe announced the creation of the Moremi Nature Reserve, named after the leader Moremi III. In 1979, the management of the reserve was transferred to the Department of Wildlife and National Parks. The protected area includes the central and eastern parts of Okavango, including the Moremi Spit and Leader Island, whose ecosystem is one of the richest and most diverse in Africa. On an area of almost 5,000 square kilometers (1/3 of the Okavango Delta), picturesque flood meadows, swamps, canals, lagoons, pastures, reed beds, floodplain forests and dry mopane forests are located. Moremi is home to elephants, hippos, black and white rhinos, lions, cheetahs, leopards, servals, hyenas, jackals, bison, giraffes, antelopes, red lychee, zebras and many others. This is one of the few places where a hyena-like dog is found. Since 1989, a project has been launched in the reserve to restore the population of this rare animal. More than 400 species of birds are registered in the reserve (herons, ibises, yabiru, marabou, pelicans, flamingos, vultures and others). Huge biodiversity and beautiful landscapes attract thousands of tourists from many countries of the world to these places. The reserve has developed fascinating tourist routes, visitors can go on jeep safaris, take a boat tour of the Okavango River Delta and visit the island of Leader. In four areas of the reserve (South Gate, Third Bridge, Xakanaxa, Khwai) campsites and campsites are equipped, most of which have runways for light aircraft, which allows tourists to quickly move from one end of the reserve to the other.