Namib desert
Namibia, Namib desert

The Namib Desert is a national park that is located in southwestern Africa and covers an area of more than 100 thousand square kilometers. The name of the desert comes from the language of the indigenous Nama and means "a place where there is nothing." It is believed that the Namib Desert is the oldest desert in the world, it has existed for 80 million years and dinosaurs still walked on it. The desert is very dry, almost uninhabited. Only 10-13 mm of precipitation falls annually. There are years when there is no rain at all. But, due to the climate, in the morning abundant dew falls. For some plant and animal species, dew is the most important source of moisture than rainfall. The exception is only a few coastal cities. In the southern part of the desert, not far from the coast, there is yellow-gray sand on the surface, and brick-red sand is in the interior of the desert. From the northwest to the southeast, a ridge of sand dunes stretches parallel to the coast. Some dunes are 10-20 km long and up to 240 meters high. Here is the highest dune in the world, which has a height of 383 meters. In the bowels of the desert are deposits of uranium and tungsten ores, as well as diamonds. These dunes inspire photographers and artists from around the world. The best time to visit the desert is at sunrise or sunset, when the colors are the most saturated. The Namib Desert attracts seabirds, seals, and penguins who like to nest on the shores of the desert and on coastal islands, despite the African heat. The hollows and dunes of the interior of Namib are a refuge for antelopes, zebras, ostriches. In the northern part of the desert, especially in the valleys of rivers that flow from the inner plateau to the Atlantic Ocean, elephants, lions, rhinos, hyenas, jackals are found. There are many reptiles, spiders, mosquitoes, ants, bugs. The coastal zone with islands is inhabited by a large number of seabirds - flamingos, cormorants, pelicans and other species. The Namib desert is striking in the diversity of its landscapes. These numerous canyons of dry rivers, weathered cliffs, vast gravelly wastelands and continuously moving huge dunes are interspersed with tiny oases. The Namib Desert is a protected and recreational area.

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