National Museum of Anthropology by David J. Guzman
El Salvador, San Salvador

The David J. Guzman National Museum of Anthropology is located in El Salvador, in the city of San Salvador, in the San Benito area. The museum was founded in 1883 and during its existence has replaced several rooms. Since 1942, the Museum of Anthropology moved to Revolution Avenue. During the 1986 earthquake, the museum building was badly damaged, in 1993 a decision was made to demolish it and build a new, modern building. The author of the project is the architect Roberto Dada, the work was completed in 1999, and in 2001 the National Museum of Anthropology David J. Guzman again opened its doors to visitors. The museum has five permanent exhibition halls, a room for temporary exhibitions, lecture halls and classrooms, a library, a bookstore and a cafe. A visit to the museum begins with the Entrance Hall, where visitors get acquainted with the very concepts: anthropology, archeology, cultural heritage and national identity; get an idea of the sciences that study the past and present of humanity, forecasting the development of society in the future. The exposition, dedicated to indigenous peoples and the Spanish colonial period, introduces the customs, culture and lifestyle of the Indian tribes, talks about prehistoric settlements in the territory of El Salvador, the arrival of the first Europeans and the period of Spanish rule. The next room is dedicated to agriculture. The exposition introduces agricultural methods, tools that have been used by the population since pre-Columbian times, the main agricultural crops of El Salvador (cocoa, coffee, corn, indigo, agave) and their processed products. The Religion Hall introduces beliefs, pagan deities, religious rituals, sacrificial rites of the indigenous people of El Salvador, as well as the history of the emergence and spread of Christianity. The exposition "Crafts, Industry and Trade" is dedicated to the traditional crafts of El Salvador, handicraft production, the development of industrial technologies and trade relations with many countries of the world. The museum’s collection has relics and artifacts related to the prehistoric and pre-Columbian periods, the classical and post-classical eras of the Mayan civilization. The museum hosts temporary exhibitions, guided tours, seminars and presentations, educational programs for children and adults.

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