Chimborazo Volcano
Ecuador, Riobamba

The Chimborazo volcano is located in central Ecuador, on the territory of the Ecuadorian Andes, and is part of the Cordillera Oxidetal mountain range. The extinct stratovolcano of Chimborazo is the highest mountain in Ecuador, the peak of which is located at an altitude of 6310 meters above sea level. Due to the location of the volcano in the zone of Equatorial bulge, its peak is the most remote point from the center of the Earth on the surface of the globe. For a long time, Chimborazo was considered the highest mountain peak in the world, in 1856 the palm passed to Everest, whose height is 8848 meters above sea level, was determined by Indian mathematicians. The top of the volcano is completely covered with ice, on the northeastern slope the glacial sleeve descends to 4600 meters above sea level. The caldera of an extinct volcano is located at an altitude of 5020 meters, its diameter is about 2 km, the edges are rocky, peaky. Chimborazo has four peaks - Wimper Peak (6310 meters), Ventimia Peak (6227 meters), Polytechnic Peak (5570 meters) and Nicolas Martinez Peak (5570 meters). At the foot of the volcano, the Guayas River flows into the Gulf of Guayaquil. The first attempts to climb the top of the volcano were made already in the XVII century. In 1802, the expedition of Baron Alexander von Humbold was able to reach a height of 5875 meters, in 1831, Jean-Baptiste Bossingalt and Colonel Hall climbed to a height of 6006 meters above sea level. The first to conquer the impregnable Chimborazo were the legendary climbers Edward Wimper and the brothers Louis and Jean-Antoine Carrel, who climbed the top of the volcano in 1880. Many were skeptical of the news of the "capture" of the volcano, so Edward Wimper in the same year made a second ascent to the top of Chimboraso, but on a different route. The Whimper trail, which runs along the western slope of the volcano and leads directly to its peak, remains the most popular climbing route to this day. There are also several other paths to the top that are considered more complex and dangerous. On the way to the top there are two transshipment bases - the Carrel hut (located at an altitude of 4850 meters) and the Whimper hut (located at an altitude of 5000 meters). Chimborazo is dangerous for climbers due to frequent avalanches and rockfalls. In 1993, one of the most terrible tragedies in the history of climbing in Ecuador occurred - on the approaches to the summit, an avalanche covered a group of climbers consisting of 13 people, 10 of which remained forever on the slopes of Chimborazo. In October 2002, an expedition exploring a new route to the top of the mountain found traces of one of the largest air crashes in Ecuador - wreckage and the remains of passengers of the ill-fated flight 232, carried out on August 15, 1976 along the Quito - Cuenca route. The plane disappeared from radars in the Chimboraso region, its search continued for more than a month, but to no avail. The plane, together with 59 people flying on it, was declared missing, and only after a quarter of a century did the fate of the HC-ARS board become known. Nevertheless, thousands of climbers from all over the world come to Ecuador to conquer the highest peak near the equator. Chimborazo is depicted on the coat of arms of Ecuador - the volcano and the Guayas River flowing at its foot symbolize the beauty and natural wealth of the country.

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