Monastery - La Recoleta Museum
Peru, Arequipa

Monastery - La Recoleta Museum is located in Peru, a half hour walk from the historical center of Arequipa. The Franciscan monastery of La Recoleta was founded in 1648 by the father of Pedro de Mendoza and over the course of three centuries was constantly being completed and expanded, as a result of which the monastery complex included four monasteries (Convents of Porter, Alcantarino, Mission and Convent of San Francisco), a large temple, built on donations from Arequipa citizens, a missionary college and library. The monastery buildings are built in a colonial architectural style with elements of romanticism and neo-Gothic, facades and courtyards are decorated with arcades, weathercocks, decorative lanterns, sculptures and flower beds. Over its long history, the monastery has repeatedly suffered from strong earthquakes, part of the buildings survived, others were reconstructed. In 1978, the monastery of La Recoleta opened its doors as a museum. Inspection of the monastery begins with the monastery of Porter - four massive arches form the courtyard, surrounded by powerful walls of stone and sandstone. In the center of the courtyard there is a cross of St. Damian, here you can see an old stone mill mill dating from 1550 (the oldest surviving in Peru), as well as a small garden of cacti and succulents. San Francisco Convent served during major religious holidays, with a fountain in its courtyard bounded by an arched gallery and old cypress trees. The courtyard of the monastery of Alcantarino is decorated with 26 arches, the arcade leads to the monastery cells. For several years in one of these cells (Celda del Superior y Celda del Novicio), Bishop Mariano Frai Olgin, the first Archbishop of Arequipa, spent in repentance and prayer. Within the walls of the monastery is the Pre-Columbian Museum with an exposition dedicated to the culture of ancient civilizations - the Incas, Chimu and Moche. The collection contains cult objects, ceramics and textiles, erotic figurines, as well as several ancient mummies and skulls. The Amazon Museum displays stuffed animals and birds, insects and reptiles, household items and tools of indigenous peoples of Peru. The Museum of Religious Art has a collection of church attributes, miniature sculptures made of wax and stone, paintings, church vestments, chalices and vessels. The pride of La Recoleta Monastery is its large library, with 19,000 bookshelves containing over 20,000 volumes printed in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, as well as ancient maps, manuscripts, historical documents, letters and the monastery annals. The La Recoleta Library has the 1674th copy of Cervantes' novel The Cunning Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha, and behind the inconspicuous door there is a secret room that holds several books forbidden by church censorship.

Tourist Objects nearby
Monastery of Santa Catalina
Monastery of Santa Catalina
Arequipa Cathedral
Arequipa Cathedral
Church of the Society of Jesus
Church of the Society of Jesus
Arched Gallery of Yanahuar
Arched Gallery of Yanahuar
Arequipa Central Square - Plaza De Armas
Arequipa Central Square - Plaza De Armas
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