Kutodav Pagoda
Myanmar, Mandalay Region

Kutodav Pagoda is located in Myanmar, in the city of Mandalay, at the foot of Mandalay Hill. The pagoda was built in the years 1860-1868, during the reign of King Mindon. The monarch wished to perpetuate the arch of Buddhist treatises of Theravada school in marble and leave to the descendants a priceless relic - a Tipitaka book carved in stone, written in Pali. The text of the canon was checked and approved by the Fifth Buddhist Synod, which was specially gathered for this in Mandalay, 2400 Buddhist monks from all over the country took part in the work of the synod. The structure of the complex corresponds to the classical scheme of the Burmese temple complex - a mortar in the center, a spacious courtyard and four entrances oriented to the cardinal points. The central structure of the complex is a 57-meter stupa covered with gilding. Around it, on an area of 13 acres, in even rows are 729 snow-white temples, each of which contains a marble stele with embossed text from Tipitaki. Marble was mined in the highlands of Sagyin Hill, located northeast of Mandalay, and then transported by river to the capital. Each of the plates has a height of 1.5 meters, a width of 1.1 meters and a thickness of 13-15 centimeters. If we lay out all the steles horizontally, then they would occupy an area of 1000 square meters. 50 of the best stone carvers in the country were involved in the work of writing text on marble slabs. During the day, one carver carved 10 lines, while only one side of the stele contains about 100 lines, and the text is carved on both sides of the plate. The lines knocked out in marble were filled with special ink made with the addition of gold leaf. At the top of each stele, in a recess, lay a gem. 111 steles were occupied by the text of the Vinaya Pitaka (Buddhist Discipline), 208 plates are dedicated to the Abhidhamma Pitaka (Buddhist metaphysics), Sutita Pitaka (Buddha’s sermons) is carved on 410 steles. Tipitaka, written on 729 stone "pages" is considered the largest book in the world. In 1900, her text was printed on paper - it turned out 38 volumes of 400 pages each. During the occupation of Myanmar by British colonial troops, the Kutodav Pagoda was sacked. Gold and silver bells, statues, precious stones, Italian marble from the terraces were stolen, even golden ink from marble slabs disappeared. Fortunately, the steles themselves were not affected. Restoration work began in 1892. Funds for the reconstruction of the Kutodav Pagoda came in the form of donations from monasteries, from members of the royal family and senior officers, artisans and ordinary people. The work was completed in 1932, the Kutodav Pagoda was restored in its original form, only the gold ink on the plates was replaced with the usual black ink.

Tourist Objects nearby
Mahamuni Buddhist Temple in Mandalay
Mahamuni Buddhist Temple in Mandalay
Stupa Mingun Paya
Stupa Mingun Paya
Mandalay Palace (Fort Mandalay)
Mandalay Palace (Fort Mandalay)
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