Bell Mingun
Myanmar, Sagaing Region

The Mingun Bell is located in Myanmar, on the left bank of the Irrawaddy River, in the city of Mingun. Until 2000, it was considered the largest active bell in the world, until it lost the palm to the Chinese Bell of Happiness. The Mingun bell was cast in 1808-1810 by order of King Bodopaya. The bell was planned to be installed on the Mingun Paya stupa, which was being built at the same time, which, as conceived by the monarch, who suffered from gigantomania, was to become the largest stupa in the world. The composition of the alloy from which the bell was cast includes copper, gold, silver, iron and lead. Strict adherence to the proportions and sequence of adding chemical elements to the alloy allowed the caster to achieve not only excellent sound, but also the strength of the bell. The weight of the bell is 90 tons, the lower diameter is 5 meters, the height is 3.5 meters (together with the suspension loop - almost 7 meters), the wall thickness is 15-30 centimeters. The Mingun bell was delivered to the installation site on two barges connected together. So that the barges could approach, two channels were dug. In the rainy season, the water level in the canals increased, which allowed the bell to be fixed on the cross of thick logs mounted on two stone pillars. When the water level in the canals fell, they were again filled up. On March 23, 1839, a strong earthquake occurred in Myanmar, as a result of which the pillars holding the bell were destroyed. The bell crashed to the ground, but the durable alloy withstood, not giving a single crack. Only in 1896, the Mingun bell was raised and suspended on a steel beam mounted on reinforced concrete pillars. A wooden pavilion with a multi-tiered carved roof was erected above the bell. The ringing of the bell has a deep and melodious sound. To make the bell sound, you should hit the walls with a large teak mallet - unlike traditional bells, Mingunsky has no language. Anyone can hit the bell - this is considered a sign of friendliness and respect for local traditions. Tourists, especially children, love to climb inside the bell; its entire inner surface is autographed in all languages of the world.

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Stupa Mingun Paya
Stupa Mingun Paya
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