Saadabad Complex
Iran, Teheran

Saadabad complex is located in the northern part of Tehran, in the metropolitan area of Shemiran. The complex covers an area of about 110 hectares and consists of 18 palaces, seven of which have become museums. They present expositions of the pre-Islamic period, African, Indian, European, Asian ancient and modern art, as well as works of Mayan civilization. The palaces of the Saadabad Complex began to be built at the end of the Qajar era. At the very beginning, the monarch Kajar and his royal family settled here. Then, during the reign of Shah Reza Pahlavi, the buildings of the palaces were constantly being completed and rebuilt. In 1920, the Shah Reza Pahlavi lived in the palace, and in 1970 his son, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, moved there. After the Islamic Revolution, the complex became a museum. The National Palace houses the Art Museum, which until 1983 was called the Museum of Fine Arts. The palace has 54 rooms. It is the largest in the complex and was previously used as the summer residence of Shah Mohammed and Shahini Farah. In the huge hall of the palace on the second floor there is a carpet of 143 square meters, which is considered one of the largest ever woven in Iran. The museum presents works of art - paintings, furniture, chandeliers, porcelain, figurines. Here are the works of Iranian artists from 1501 to 1925 and the works of European artists of the 17-20 centuries. In particular, the exhibition features paintings by Salvador Dali, Peter Graham, Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin, Joule Burton. Here is the art gallery of miniatures of Hossein Behzad, who revolutionized Iranian painting and became one of the founders of modern painting in Iran. The museum also houses the gallery of Kelara Abkar, which presents her paintings with elements of mysticism of the 20th century. The gallery of the works of the artist of the World Emad Hassani Kazvini presents exhibits of masterpieces of calligraphy on paper and parchment of 10-19 centuries. The Green Palace was built over 6 years, during the reign of Shah Reza Pahlavi from 1922 to 1928. The outer walls of the palace are covered with a rare green decoration stone. The palace was the summer residence of Shah Reza Pahlavi. The Water Museum exhibits exhibiting the conduct, restoration and operation of water in Iran. The Military Museum presents military equipment and weapons from the Achaemenid period to the present. The exhibits of the Museum of Anthropology are associated with the culture and civilization of Ancient Iran, depict the lifestyle and customs of Iranians with coverage of clothes, tools, crafts in agriculture, irrigation, livestock, fishing and hunting. The Royal Automobile Museum is represented by a fleet of Rolls-Royce, Cadillac-class cars and a unique armored Mercedes-Benz 600. The Royal Museum of Housewares, the Museum of Contemporary History and Crafts of Iran, the Museum of Historical Documents are also located on the territory of the Saadabad Complex. Part of the palace grounds is used by the Iranian Organization of Cultural Heritage. Museum exhibits and gallery paintings located in the palace buildings of the Saadabad Complex display ancient artifacts and documents that represent Iran’s rich cultural history. The current presidential palace is located next to the Saadabad Complex.

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