Yiheyuan (Summer Palace)
China, Beijing (Peking)

Man-made harmony park - Yiheyuan is a palace and park ensemble, which housed one of the most famous summer residences of the Chinese emperors, in connection with which it is also known as the Summer Palace. Yiheyuan is located 20 km northwest of downtown Beijing.
The places where Iheyuan is now attracted the attention of emperors during the reign of the Mongol Yuan dynasty, however, the new history of the Park of Man-made Harmony begins in the 18th century, when six palace parks appeared in the northwestern suburb of Beijing under Emperor Qianlong. One of them was Yiheyuan. The truth was then called differently: Qingyuan - Park of clean ripples on the water. During the Anglo-French intervention of 1860, the park was sacked, but the Dowager Empress Cixi ordered the restoration of the park and made it her favorite summer residence. It was then that the park was named Yheheyuan. During the foreign intervention of 1900, the park was damaged again, but was rebuilt again.
The park is located on the shores of Kunming Lake. The total area of the ensemble, including the lake, is about 29 square meters. km On the Kunming Lake there is the island of the South Sea - Nanhudao, to which from the southern shore there is a seventeen-arched bridge, which is 150 meters long and 8 meters wide. On the island are the Pavilion of Humility and Patience - Hansutan and the Temple of the Dragon King. The park is surrounded by a high stone wall with seven gates. The main entrance to Iheui is the Eastern Palace Gate - Dungunmen. The gates lead to the complex of eastern palaces, combining official pavilions and residential imperial chambers. The most significant of them is Jenshoudian - the pavilion of Humanity and longevity, which served as the imperial throne room. On the square in front of him on a high marble pedestal stands the figure of the mythical beast of cilin, combining the head of a dragon, the body of a deer, the tail of a bull.
One of the most famous sights of Iheyuan is the Long Gallery - Chandan, running along the northern shore of the lake, it includes four octagonal pavilions. The gallery is decorated with more than 8000 different paintings on historical themes, illustrations for Chinese classical novels, paintings depicting natural landscapes, flowers, animals. Around the middle, the Long Gallery is interrupted, forming a fairly vast area. On one side of this site, on the shore of the lake, stands a wooden arch, and on the other hand there are gates leading to the palace complex, which consists of several pavilions and galleries. The largest pavilion of the complex - Paiyundian - Spreading clouds.
This complex was built in 1750 on the site of a Buddhist temple and until 1860 remained of cult significance, however, after the reconstruction of the park, it was turned into a palace, where once a year a ceremony was held to mark the birthday of Empress Cixi.
Behind this pavilion on the side of a hill known as the Longevity Mountain - Wanshoushan, stands a huge stone structure, to the top of which steep stairs lead. On the stone pedestal stands Fosyange - Tower of incense in honor of the Buddha. To the right and left of the stone base of Fosyange, artificial rocks are arranged with cozy gazebos and small pavilions. On the west side is the Bronze Pavilion, cast entirely from bronze. The old Chinese name for the Bronze Pavilion is Baiyunge, which translates as the tower of Precious Clouds. Almost at the very top of the mountain of Longevity is the temple of the Sea of Wisdom.
At the very end of the Long Gallery near the shore there is a stone ship - the famous Marble boat. True, only the base of the ship is made of marble, and the two-story superstructure is made of wood and only painted marble. The ship was built in 1755. Under Empress Cixi, a stone ship played the role of a pavilion for tea ceremonies.
From the stone ship, the road turns right and goes along the canal embankment, bypassing several pavilions and an elegant bridge leading to the island where the imperial concubines once lived, and leads further through the park to the Western Palace Gate - Sigumen, where tourists usually end their walk through the park.

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