Tassilin ager
Algeria, Ellizi (province)

Tassilin-Ager is a sandy rock formation located on a vast plateau in the Sahara desert, in southeast Algeria, on the border of Libya, Niger and Mali. The plateau covers an area of 72,000 square kilometers; since 1982, Tassilin-Ager has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List under the name “Tassilin-Ager National Park”. The mountain range consists of sandstone, in which, thanks to the centuries-old impact of erosion, more than 300 natural stone arches and other rocky formations, as well as many caves, were formed. Now the landscape of Tassilin-Ager resembles a stone forest, consisting of rocks of various shapes and sizes. The territory of the plateau is cut by the wadi - the dried up riverbeds that once lay here. The plateau is located at an altitude of 1150 meters to 2158 meters above sea level, due to the height and water-holding properties of the sandstone, the flora here is somewhat richer than in the desert surrounding the park. Woodlands consist of endangered endemic species - cypress of Sahara and Sahara myrtle. Tassilin-Adzhera was brought worldwide fame by the huge vivid drawings discovered here in 1910 depicting people, animals and scenes from the life of the tribes living here. In total, 15,000 petroglyphs and many archaeological objects (tools, arrowheads, scrapers, bones, grain grinders, stone knives) from different periods of history were discovered in Tassilin-Ager. The drawings depict herds of cattle, huge wild animals (elephants, rhinos, giraffes, hippos, crocodiles, ostriches, antelopes and extinct buffalo species) and are witnesses of the evolution of humanity on the edge of the Sahara. The cave paintings of Tassilin-Ager belong to a huge period of history, starting from 10 000 BC and ending with the first centuries of our era.

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