Mala Strana (Prague)
Czech Republic, Prague

Mala Strana is the historical district of Prague, located below the Hradcany and connected to the Stare Mesto district by Charles Bridge.
The narrow streets, squares and gardens of this area lie at the foot of two hills: the hill on which Prague Castle is located borders the Mala Strana from the north, and Petršin overgrown with trees from the south.
The first settlements on Malaya Strana appeared presumably in the first millennium AD, in the area of modern Malostranskaya Square. It was here that the trade route ran from east to west through the Vltava rapids along the highway, where Nerudova and Uvoz streets are nowadays. In the reign of Vladislav I, on the site of a wooden bridge destroyed by the flood over the Vltava in 1158–1172, a stone bridge was erected, named after the wife of King Judith. This was a great event, since at that time in Central Europe there were only two stone bridges - across the Danube in Regensburg and through the Elbe in Dresden.
In 1257, the Czech king Przemysl Otakar II founded the "Small Town of Prague", by his order the city wall and defensive fortifications were built. Under Charles IV, this area was significantly expanded in the southern part and ended at Petrshin, and in 1360 it was surrounded by a wall called “Hungry”. Since the Small Country was a strategically important place to protect the city, it was devastated several times during the Hussite Wars. The hostile parties purposefully destroyed the buildings so that the enemy could not find shelter in them.
In the first half of the 17th century, during the civil strife and then the Thirty Years' War that raged in Europe, Mala Strana, like other Prague cities, repeatedly experienced ruin and devastation. The second half of the 17th century and the 18th century is the time when Mala Strana is undergoing rapid construction. New fortifications and fortifications are being created here, wonderful baroque palaces for new owners are being built. In modern times, Mala Strana turned into a region of magnificent baroque palaces and foreign embassies.
Sightseeing: Church of St. Mikulasha, the plague pillar, the Wallenstein palace, the Liechtenstein palace, the Smirzhitsky palace, the Sternberg palace, the Velikovsky palace, the Kaiserstein palace, the Church of the Virgin Mary the Victorious, the Church of the Virgin Mary under the chain, the Franz Kafka museum, Nerudov street, Mostetsk, Karmelska, Wald.

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