Railway station Vitebsk
Belarus, Vitebsk

The station building was erected in 1866, with the construction of the Dvinsko (Dinaburgo) -Vitebsk railway (part of the future Riga-Oryol railway). In 1866, the Dinaburgo-Vitebsk railway was built, passing through the north of Belarus. In Vitebsk, a beautiful 3-story railway station was built with a pedestrian walkway bridge closed to passenger platforms. In the same year, on October 5, the first train came from Polotsk to Vitebsk, after 2 years the trains went from Vitebsk to Smolensk and Orel, in 1902 to Orsha, in 1904 to Novosokolniki. Handicraft Vitebsk, which had small industrial enterprises, with the introduction of the railway received a powerful impetus for development. Large industrial enterprises appear in the city, such as a brewery, tobacco, flax spinning mill, paper and cardboard factories, iron foundries, and as a result, the population of the city grows and passenger and cargo transportation increases. Vitebsky station becomes small for a rapidly developing city and in 1912 the station was expanded by adding a one-story building to the main three-story building of the station. In this form, the station lasted until 1941. The sudden attack of fascist Germany on the USSR required the railway workers to mobilize all their forces to ensure the evacuation of the city population and industrial enterprises to the rear. Until the last minute, artillery shelling sent trains from Vitebsk towards Smolensk. At 12 o'clock on July 9, 1941, the last train left for the east. During the years of occupation, Vitebsky Station, like the whole of Vitebsk, was completely destroyed. Vitebsk was liberated on June 26, 1944 by troops of the 1st Baltic and 3 Belorussian fronts. After the end of World War II, the restoration of the station was required. The post-war station Vitebsk was commissioned in 1953 (architect B. Mezentsev). The station building is two-story, consisting of a central and 2 lateral four-story volumes. The main facade of the central building is highlighted by three wide arched window openings, decorated with Corinthian columns, stucco rectangular niches, bas-reliefs. The interior of the station used marble, stucco details, sockets in the caissons of the ceiling. In the building of the station there were ticket offices, a buffet, a telegraph, in the side wings - office rooms and waiting rooms. In order to meet the city’s growing demand for labor from villages, a wooden suburban box office building was built in 1953, which provided people with more comfortable conditions for commuting. The station acquired a new look as a result of reconstruction begun in 2007 - the interior and exterior decoration of the station building was updated, two elevators with panoramic cabins were mounted. Next to the main building, a modern suburban box office building was erected, which also housed a cafe, a hairdresser and other facilities. In 2010-2011, a complete reconstruction of the Central part of the station and the cash register was carried out, canopies were built over the platforms. Today, the intellectual component of the Vitebsk railway station today is not inferior to European counterparts. A modern video surveillance system has been installed here, self-service payment and reference terminals are working, with which you can purchase tickets for trains of regional economy-class lines. In the central part of the station - 7 long-distance ticket offices and a free information desk. On the ground floor there are also shops, kiosks, cafes, left-luggage offices, a first-aid post, a room for transport police officers, two new elevators with panoramic cabins are installed. On the second floor there are two waiting rooms. One of them is transit, where a pharmacy, a bank, and a communications salon are located. At the service of passengers is the Vitebsky Express restaurant. It works from 11.00 to 23.00. The second waiting room is paid. In this hall, passengers mostly gather at night when they need to wait for the long-distance train - in particular, to St. Petersburg, Kiev. There is Wi-Fi internet and the ability to charge a mobile phone. From entertainment in a paid room - a 5D attraction cinema. For disabled people and war veterans - admission is free. After the reconstruction, a modern building of ticket offices for regional trains appeared near the main building. There is a cafeteria, a hairdresser. On the first platform of the railway station, one of the notable sculptures of Vitebsk is installed - "Greeters". An elegant lady with a flower in her hand and a man in his years, impatiently looking at his pocket watch, are waiting for guests. The sculpture "Meet" is inherently symbolic: it was not without reason that it was installed on the first platform: it is here that the Vitebsk branded train called "Slavic Bazaar" arrives.

Tourist Objects nearby
Vitebsk Art Museum
Vitebsk Art Museum
Vitebsk Regional Museum of the Hero of the Soviet Union M.F.Shmyrev
Vitebsk Regional Museum of the Hero of the Soviet Union M.F.Shmyrev
Dukhovskoy Kruglik
Dukhovskoy Kruglik
Summer Amphitheater
Summer Amphitheater
Sculpture of San Crispin
Sculpture of San Crispin
Vitebsk Zoo
Vitebsk Zoo
Square of Heroes of the Patriotic War of 1812
Square of Heroes of the Patriotic War of 1812
Memorial House-Museum of Marc Chagall
Memorial House-Museum of Marc Chagall
Bus station Vitebsk
Bus station Vitebsk
Vitebsk District Museum of History and Local Lore
Vitebsk District Museum of History and Local Lore
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