Jeronimos Monastery
Portugal, Lisboa city

In 1501, King Manuel I the Lucky ordered the construction of the Jeronimos Monastery in order to thank the Virgin Mary for the successful voyage of Vasque da Gama to India. The construction of the monastery was completed after 100 years. But back in 1450, on this site, Henry the Navigator originally built a small chapel dedicated to St. Mary. Today, the former chapel is the Church of St. Mary in the Gothic and Renaissance style, which houses a statue of Prince Henry the Navigator. The church is known for its graceful stone engravings depicting scenes from the life of St. Jerome. The interior of the church is richly decorated with beautiful masonry, causing special admiration in the network of arches over the nave and the aisles between the rows of the church. The monastery is buried many of the prominent figures of Portuguese history, the most famous of them - Vaska da Gama, as well as poets Herculano and Fernando Pessoa. The Portuguese believe that Luis Camoes, author of the epic The Lusiads, in which he glorified the triumph of his compatriots, is buried here. The monastery, declared a national monument in 1907, was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983.