Acropolis of Athens
Greece, Athens

Few tourists are not familiar with this citadel of ancient Greece, towering over the city on a flat stone base. This is the place from which Athens and the classical Greek civilization began, there is a whole series of beautiful temples, mostly dedicated to the goddess of wisdom Athena. Its buildings are exquisite in proportion and harmoniously connected with the landscape. The age of the ruins dates back to the 4th century BC, most of the buildings were erected at Pericles, after the Persians destroyed many of the original buildings of the Acropolis. The Parthenon, the most significant surviving monument of Dorian architecture, is built of Pendellian marble taken from distant mountains, creating a backdrop to the magnificent view of Athens from the Acropolis. Next to the Parthenon is another temple, the Erechtheion, in the northern portico of which there are holes where the legend tripped Poseidon during his fight with Athena. After the declaration of independence of Greece, during the restoration work (mainly at the end of the 19th century), the ancient appearance of the Acropolis was restored: all the late development on its territory was eliminated, the temple of Niki Apteros was re-laid, etc. Reliefs and sculptures of the temples of the Acropolis are in the British Museum (London), in the Louvre (Paris) and the Acropolis Museum. The remaining sculptures in the open are now replaced with copies. In the Acropolis there is a museum where preserved carved ornaments and borders are exhibited.

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