Salamanca Island National Park
Colombia, Barranquilla

Salamanca Island National Park is located in Colombia, on the Caribbean coast, 11 kilometers from the city of Barranquilla. The park was created in 1964 with the aim of protecting the unique ecosystems of mangrove, floodplain and tropical dry forests of the Caribbean coast, growing at the confluence of the fresh waters of the Magdalena River and the saline - Caribbean Sea. In 1998, Salamanca Island National Park was included in the list of wetlands protected by the Ramsar Convention, and in 2000 it was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO. The park covers an area of 56,200 hectares, which consists of freshwater marshes, coastal lagoons, beaches and many islands, separated from each other by narrow channels. The flora of the park is represented by red, black and white mangrove trees, there are also growing conocarpus, tsezalpiniya, acacia, prosezhetsvetoksvetny, several species of cacti, reeds, reeds, water lilies. The park is home to 33 species of mammals (southern possum, Robinson's possum, Mexican tamandua, raccoon, half-striped skunk, capybara, otter, ocelot, manatee and others), 199 species of birds nest, including the American stilt, Wilson’s pup, kingfisher , heron, blue-winged teal, great white heron, white American heron, red flamingo, pelican, darter, osprey, pink spoonbill. The wetlands of the island of Salamanca are the wintering grounds of many migratory birds, and also serve as the “home” for two endemic species of the island of Salamanca and seventy - Colombia. The park recorded 35 species of reptiles, 9 species of amphibians, more than 140 species of fish and 98 species of invertebrates. Many representatives of Flora and Fauna found in the National Park of the island of Salamanca are rare or endangered species. Tourists visiting the park have the opportunity to make a fascinating canoe trip through the numerous canals passing through the mangroves, hike along the wooden bridges laid through the freshwater swamp, explore the picturesque surroundings from the observation deck, visit bird nesting sites and take a boat excursion along the coast The Caribbean.

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