Ras Mohammed
Egypt, Sharm el-Sheikh

Ras Mohammed is the first national reserve of Egypt. It is located in the very south of the Sinai Peninsula, 25 km south-west of Sharm el-Sheikh, and is considered one of the most picturesque places in the entire Red Sea, and its southernmost part of the top ten best diving sites in the world. The reserve was opened in 1989 in order to protect the wall of coral reefs from destruction. She is so beautiful that even Jacques-Yves-Cousteau himself admired her. In the reserve, under natural conditions, coral reefs rising above sea level, dating to 2 billion years, can be seen. In the depths of the sea are 150 species of coral thickets of various shapes: round, flat, columnar, branched. All of them have not only a bizarre look, but also incredible beauty. Some reefs rise above the sea surface and can reach 100 meters. Coral reefs provide shelter, protection and food to marine inhabitants, who are also diverse in nature. Thousands of fish species are found here, some of them are quite rare. The water in this region of the Red Sea is so clear that the bottom is clearly visible even at a depth of 50 meters. The Ras Mohammed National Wildlife Refuge is a real huge natural aquarium. Of particular interest is another miracle of Ras Mohammed - the Magic Bay. Because of the beating salt springs, the water of the gulf is twice as saline as the sea. In composition, it is close to the water of the famous Dead Sea and is also healing. Healing mud is also considered, the strength of which can be tested on yourself in the Magic Bay. The water of the bay is much less transparent than the waters of the Red Sea. This was, perhaps, the reason that the bay is not visible in photographs taken from satellites. This further enhances the atmosphere of mystery around the Magic Bay. The flora of the reserve also represents the colorful wealth of nature. Entire groves of mangroves have adapted to life in salt water. The only ones in the world, they know how to desalinate salt water. The roots of mangrove trees feed on salt water, and an excess of salt appears on the underside of their leaves, which makes it look silvery. The appearance of these trees is inconspicuous, but their crown is a refuge for birds. In the groves there are numerous nests with squeaking chicks. Even the coastal landscapes here are surprising. In Ras Mohammed, one can observe geological faults that were formed as a result of an earthquake with a thickness of at least 7 points.

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