Bachkovo Monastery
Bulgaria, Аsenovgrad

The monastery is located 29 km from Plovdiv and in its scale, architectural, artistic and cultural significance is comparable to the famous Rila Monastery. The holy monastery was laid in 1083 by the Byzantine commander of Georgian descent Grigory Bakuriani and his brother Abaziy. Initially, there were only Georgian monks in the monastery. But since 1344, when Tsar Ivan-Alexander came to power, monks-Bulgarians appeared here. The Bachkovo monastery owned large land and was very rich. The Turks destroyed the monastery, but by the end of the XVI century it was rebuilt. The oldest building on the territory of the monastery is the church-tomb ("ossuary"), built around 1083. The ensemble of the monastery includes the Assumption Cathedral, the refectory and the churches of the Holy Archangel and the Trinity; all these buildings date from the beginning of the XVII century. And the church of St. Nicholas was built much later - in 1841. Of particular interest are the frescoes in the refectory of the monastery. Greek philosophers Socrates, Diogenes, Aristotle, Sophocles and others are depicted here. In Orthodox philosophy, these philosophers are considered pagans and their images are very rare. In the museum at the monastery there are numerous gifts donated by the monastery at different times.

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