L'Anse aux Meadows
Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador

L Anse-o-Meadows is a historical and archaeological site in Newfoundland and Labrador. The Viking settlement discovered here in 1960 is the only one found in North America. In addition, it is the only evidence of transatlantic travel in the pre-Columbian period. Estimated date of construction - XI century.
At the turn of the 19th century, the Canadian historian V.A. Mann began studying medieval Icelandic manuscripts. The Greenland Saga and Eric Saga described the lives of Torvald Arvaldson, Eric Red and Leif Erickson. Judging by the manuscripts, Torvald, accused of murder in Norway, was forced to relocate to Iceland. His son Eric fled to Greenland for the same reasons. A representative of the next generation, Leif went even further and founded the settlement of Vinland.
The colony lasted about 10 years. The Vikings had to capitulate to the local tribes. Mann suggested that there was a settlement in Newfoundland.
In the early 1960s, archaeologists Helge Ingstad and his wife Anna Steen Ingstad began a search. In 1961, they found what they were looking for near Epave Bay. Hundreds of artifacts of the 11th century were found on the territory of the settlement.
The buildings were built in the Icelandic style, with heavy roofs that supported the inner columns. The large buildings had bedrooms, carpentry workshops, living rooms, kitchens and storage rooms.
Currently, L'Anse-o-Meadows is owned by the Association of Canadian Parks. In 1978, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Some of the buildings were reconstructed on its territory, and the park itself acquired the status of a museum of “living history”. Now costumed "settlers" live here and visitors can see scenes from the life of the Vikings.