The bridge named after the President of Costa i Silva, better known as Rio Niteroi, is the largest bridge not only in Brazil, but also in South America. A girder bridge with box sections runs through the Gulf of Guanabara and connects the city of Rio de Janeiro with the municipality of Niterói.
The construction of the bridge began in January 1969 at the initiative of Brazilian President Arthur da Costa i Silva, in whose honor the bridge got its official name. On March 4, 1974, construction was completed and the bridge was open for traffic, but Costa y Silva did not live up to this point, he died of a stroke in 1968. Surprisingly, during the construction of the bridge, a military coup took place in the country and three heads of state were replaced, but work continued anyway.
The Rio Niteroi Bridge is the longest and highest in the entire southern hemisphere and is the sixth largest in the world. Its length is 13.29 km, of which 8.83 km pass over water, and the rest is laid through a tunnel under the sea. At the highest point, the bridge reaches 72 meters, which allows large vessels to enter the bay. Every day, about 140 thousand vehicles pass over the bridge.
It is difficult to overestimate the importance of this bridge for the residents of Rio de Janeiro and Niterói, since after its construction the path from one city to another was reduced by seven and a half times. It is also noteworthy that most tourist routes somehow pass through the bridge. Thanks to all this, the Rio Niteroi Bridge is considered one of the symbols of Rio de Janeiro.