Taupo Lake
New Zealand, Taupo

Taupo is the largest freshwater lake in the South Pacific and Australia and the largest lake in New Zealand. From it flows the country's largest river - Waikato. The lake was formed about 27,000 years ago as a result of the strongest volcanic eruption. The eruption was so powerful that its ashes covered the sky over China. The result was a colossal funnel measuring 616 km² and a maximum depth of 186 meters. It gradually filled with water, and a lake formed, which is called the heart of the North Island, but it pumps not blood, but water. The water in the lake is of exceptional purity and simply teems with trout imported from Europe and the state of California at the end of the nineteenth century. Smelt was also introduced as food for trout. The native fauna of the lake is crayfish, as well as small tulka. At the bottom of the lake, around underwater geothermal craters, live sponge colonies and related invertebrates. A significant part of the lake's watershed is covered with beech thickets and coniferous forests with fern thickets below. Lake Taupo is located in an area of increased geothermal activity, where seething mud, geysers and hot rivers are quite common. The city of the same name is located on the northern shore of Lake Taupo, and on the opposite side the mountains of the Tongariro National Park sparkle with snow-white caps. The natural uniqueness of the lake makes it one of the most popular holiday destinations for New Zealanders and tourists from other countries. Taupo offers a variety of recreational activities: lake cruises, speedboat rides, visits to the shrimp farm and observatory, rafting on mountain rivers, bungee jumping into the Waikato River. These places are especially popular with fishing enthusiasts.