Artek
Republic of Crimea, Gurzuf

This area is located between the western slope of Ayu-Dag and Gurzuf and its name refers to the ancient ("ortecs" - quail). In those days there were only stone talus, rare vegetation, and tiny sections of vineyards recaptured from nature. And only after the annexation of Crimea to Russia, rapid development and development begins. In the 19th century, the Polish aristocrat Gustav Olizar, who was hopelessly in love with Maria Raevskaya, acquired a small plot here. He called his estate “Consolation of the Heart,” but he did not find consolation. In these places there were Pushkin, Griboedov, Zhukovsky, Mitskevich and even the future emperor Alexander ll. At different times, there were estates of the Moscow merchant I.A. Pervushina, who built roads and spread vineyards; Potemkin, who built a church in the name of the Nativity of the Virgin; private property N.A. von Hartvis - the former director of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, it was thanks to him that rare exotic plants appeared in Artek. At the beginning of the 20th century, this area became one of the first south-coast resorts “Suuk-Su”, and I.A. writers visited this resort Bunin, A.I. Kuprin, A.P. Chekhov, artists A. Surikov and K. Korovin. In 1914, the resort was visited by Emperor Nicholas II, Emir Bukhara, F.I. Chaliapin, and many other eminent persons.
And in the summer of 1924, here, on the shore of one of the most beautiful bays of the Crimea, several canvas tents were erected, and it was with them that the history of the Artek International Children's Center, known throughout the world, began. But this is a completely different story.