Kamakura Museum (engraving Ukiyo-e)
Japan, Kamakura

The Kamakura Museum, built in 1928, exhibits 420 pieces of art and many historical documents. Among the exhibits there is a collection of objects from the Zen sect, engravings of ukiyo-e.
Ukiyo-e (paintings of a changing world) is a trend in the fine arts of Japan that has been developed since the Edo period.
The word ukiyo, literally translated as “floating world”, is a homophone to the Buddhist term “world of sorrow”, but is written in other hieroglyphs.
Ukiyo-e engravings are the main type of woodcut in Japan. This form of art became popular in the urban culture of Edo (modern Tokyo) in the second half of the 17th century.
The founder of ukiyo-e is the Japanese painter and graphic artist Hisikawa Moronobu.
Initially, the engravings were black and white - only mascara was used, from the beginning of the 18th century some works were then painted manually with a brush. In the XVIII century, Suzuki Harunobu introduced the technique of multi-color printing for the manufacture of nishiki-e ("brocade pictures").
Ukiyo-e engravings were affordable because of the possibility of their mass production. They were intended mainly for urban residents who could not afford to spend money on paintings.
Ukiyo-e is characterized by pictures of everyday life that are consonant with urban literature of this period. The engravings depicted beautiful geisha (bidzin-ha), massive sumo wrestlers and popular actors of the kabuki theater (yakusha-e). Later landscape engraving became popular.

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