Pashupatinath - Hindu Crematorium Temple
Nepal, Katmandu

Pashupatinath is a large Hindu temple complex located on both sides of the Bagmati River on the eastern outskirts of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. Pashupatinath is considered the world's most important holy temple of Shiva (Pashupati, the king of animals, or otherwise the lord of living beings). Every day thousands of pilgrims from all over the world come to Pashupatinath, mainly from Nepal and India. In February and March, Maha Shivaratri is celebrated - the night of Shiva, when tens of thousands of believers gather at this temple for festive ceremonies.
Locals also worship Pashupatinath very much, many Nepalese visit this temple every day in the early morning and receive the blessing of Shiva.
The main temples are on the west bank of the river, the entrance to the large temple courtyard is closed to non-Hindus, but the complex is clearly visible from the other side of the river, and funeral ceremonies can be observed. Pedestals for funeral pyres are located along the river. At the temples there is a house awaiting death, where old people come, and they have been living there for the last weeks under the supervision of astrologers who precisely determine the moment of their death. Representatives of the higher castes are burned north of the bridge, a special pedestal for members of the royal family. South of the bridge are pedestals for low castes. The funeral ritual is quite complicated, its correct execution contributes to a good rebirth in the next reincarnation. After burning, the dust is let down the river. In Bagmati, as in the Ganges, they bathe for ritual purification. There they bathe the dead before burial. The river let things that yogis catch below.
Behind the bonfires there are caves for hermits. Women approach the caves and bring food.
On the other side of the temples is a shelter organized by Mother Teresa, in which the poor and homeless get food. At the shelter there are several chic - Indian temples in the form of candles.
The main thing is the place where Hagar Baba and his students feed animals every day.
Pashupatinath is the favorite place for the gathering of sadhus - wandering yogis.
On the other side of the river there are 11 small Shiva temples with lingams, behind which there are galleries of Shivaist lingams and yoni. In total, the complex has 108 lingams. You go up the steps to the monkey park, where hundreds of monkeys jump and hang on branches. Pashupati is the patron of animals, so monkeys are comfortable at the temples of the complex.
In the depths of the park on the hill there is the Gokarnat temple, guarded by police forbidding tourists to retreat from the path to the right and left, then to the river around the bend - the large Gukheshvari complex (a vagina temple where men go. Women usually pray at the Lingams), and the temple to the other side Visvarut. At the entrance to the park, sadhus (yogis) sit on the terraces. Shaivist sadhus - usually with horizontal lines on the forehead, wear a trident in their hands. Sadhus do not strive for better rebirths, but seek to comprehend the higher worlds. They are not burned at the stake, like others. They are usually dressed in clean, bright orange clothes. Some demonstrate asanas and collect money from tourists, others calmly listen to a tape recorder with Shaivist hymns, others smoke with a narcotic smoke and fly in the astral plane.
Opposite the terraces there is a platform where Milhi Baba is usually sitting, a holy old man who eats only milk. Above it is a sign in English “The great saint Milhi Baba sits here” with a brief biography.
In 1979, the Kathmandu Valley, which includes the Pashupatinath temple complex, received UNESCO World Heritage status. In connection with the growing city and uncontrolled development in 2003, the temple complex is listed in the Red List of endangered objects.

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