Jotunheimen National Park
Norway, Lom

Jotunheimen National Park is located in the central part of southern Norway, in the Jotunheimen mountain range. Translated from Norwegian, the name of the locality means "House of the Giants", as in 1862 this mountainous region with untouched wildlife was called by the Norwegian poet Osmund Olavsson Vigne. Archaeologists claim that in these parts already in 3000 BC there were the first settlements in Norway. The territory of the National Park covers 3500 square kilometers; the largest number of mountains in the height of more than 2000 meters in Northern Europe is concentrated here. The highest peaks are Gallhöpiggen with a height of 2469 meters above sea level and Glittertind with a height of 2464 meters above sea level. The area is replete with waterfalls, rivers, lakes, glaciers and valleys drowning in flowers and herbs, trout is found in almost all lakes and rivers. By popular opinion, these places are considered one of the most picturesque in Europe. Back in the 15th century, there was a royal decree that ordered the rulers of Lom to keep in order the passage through the mountains in the Sogrefjell area, the so-called Royal Road, along which the residents of Gudbrandsdal traveled to the nearest trading city of Bergen. In 1869, the Norwegian Tourist Society opened the first hut in the Jotunheimen area, and in 1980 the territory of the Jotunheimen massif was declared a National Park. Hiking trails, ski slopes were laid and marked, huts and lodging houses were built. In the protected areas of the National Park, rare endemic plant species live - glacial buttercup, the highest mountain flowering plant, found at an altitude of 2,370 meters, saxifragiforifolia, Rhodiola rosea, as well as small dryas that grow exclusively on calcareous soils. Most of the park is located above the border of the forest, but Lake Jende is surrounded by birch groves, mountain pine, black alder, elm and hazel are found. Representatives of the fauna live in the park - reindeer, elk, roe deer, marten, mink, wolverine and lynx. The most characteristic representatives of the birds living here are goose, golden eagle and gyrfalcon. Today Jotunheimen attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world, lovers of outdoor recreation and multi-day hiking. The national park is also very popular with cross-country and alpine skiing enthusiasts. There are also wonderful conditions for cycling, climbing, climbing, for climbing glaciers, rafting, caving, canoeing and horse riding.

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