Fortress of King Samuel
Macedonia, Ohrid (city)

The fortress of King Samuel is one of the oldest and largest surviving fortifications of Macedonia. The fortress is a visiting card and one of Ohrid's most popular tourist sites. The citadel begins its history back in the 3rd century BC. - it was during this time that the first references to the fortress of the city of Lichnidos, built by King Philip II of Macedon, and known as one of the most impregnable in the Balkans, are dated. The fortress is a 3-kilometer-long building with powerful 16-meter walls and 18 massive towers. One wing of the fortress descends to the west coast of Lake Ohrid, and the other goes east to the upper gate, passes through them and, rushing south, also descends at an angle to the lake. Initially, there were three entrances to the city, but only the south gate has survived to this day.
Several times the castle was rebuilt, destroyed and rebuilt again, both before the reign of Samuel and after it. That is why the appearance of the fortress clearly shows a mixture of different styles of construction, especially clearly seen in the ruins of the old citadel. In the walls of the upper gate, stones with Greek inscriptions are preserved, and in the partially destroyed outer layer of the inner walls you can see horizontal layers of Byzantine brick. In addition to its protective functions, the fortress was also residential.
The modern history of the fortress of King Samuel begins in 2000, when archaeological research conducted on the site of the castle revealed many valuable finds, including the famous Golden Mask and the Golden Glove dating from the fifth century BC. In 2003, this historical monument was reconstructed.
The fortress offers very beautiful panoramic views of the lake and the city

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