Indonesia: New hope for the critically endangered Sumatran rhinoceros
Nature
04.12.2023 Indonesia Sumatra Island   51
Indonesia: New hope for the critically endangered Sumatran rhinoceros

The Sumatran rhinoceros is considered one of the world's most endangered animals. The Sumatran rhinoceros is critically endangered with its current population of less than 50 individuals. But then a ray of hope appeared (all 25 kg).


An important event in nature conservation was the birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros calf in the western the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. This baby is the second Sumatran rhinoceros born in Indonesia in 2023. With their population on the brink of extinction, this new birth is a huge development, a positive addition to the remaining individuals.


A new Sumatran rhino calf has been born to seven-year-old female Delilah in Way Kambas National Park in Lampung Province in Sumatra . The father is a Sumatran rhinoceros named Harapan, born at the Cincinnati Zoo in the USA in 2006. Harapan is the last Sumatran rhino to be repatriated to Indonesia. This means that the entire population of this species is currently located in Indonesia. This is truly a rare species!


I wonder how the Sumatran rhinoceros reached its endangered state? Well, the two main reasons are habitat loss and poaching for their prized antlers. Once abundant in the wild, there are now fewer than 50 of them, the global number.


The recent birth of a calf is a clear indication of the Indonesian government and scientific community's commitment to rhino conservation. This is a testament to the successful rhino breeding efforts in the reserve. Also worth noting is the fact that this was Delilah's first successful birth.


The lifespan of a Sumatran rhinoceros is between 35 and 40 years. Additionally, an adult female rhinoceros gives birth to one calf every three to four years. Looking at these numbers, one can see an uphill battle for survival. One can only hope that from now on their number will grow.

Source: timesofindia

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