Discover Indonesia's Top 6 National Parks Recognized by UNESCO

Discover Indonesia's Top 6 National Parks Recognized by UNESCO

Indonesia, Kalimantan, Komodo, North Sumatra, Banten
Indonesia certainly stands out as an ideal location for recovery. The country is dotted with national parks that showcase stunning natural landscapes and serve as a haven for protected biodiversity.

Indonesia currently boasts an impressive number of 50 national parks. It is noteworthy that some of these parks have received prestigious awards and are recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. .

1. Komodo National Park

Komodo National Park is located in Manggarai District, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) Province. This national park has the prestigious designation of a World Heritage Site and a Human and Biosphere Reserve inscribed by UNESCO in 1986.

Comprising three main islands - Komodo, Rinca and Padar - Komodo National Park is home to a diverse wild animals including horses, wild buffalo, deer, male wild boars, snakes, monkeys and various types of birds. In addition, the park's waters are home to about 1,000 species of fish, ten species of dolphins, seven species of whales, 40 species of birds and green turtles.

Pink Beach on Komodo Island stands out for its pink sand, a phenomenon attributed to microscopic organisms called foraminifera, which give corals their red pigment.

Komodo National Park, known for its impressive marine life, boasts some of the world's best diving sites. Explore five sites around the national park, including Lo Buaya, Pink Beach, Gili Laba, Kelor Island and Komodo Village. Underwater wonders and breathtaking scenery make Komodo a must-visit destination for nature and adventure lovers.

2. Tangkahan National Park

Have you ever heard of Tangkahan Ecotourism? Tankahan Ecotourism is located in Namo Sialang Village, Batang Serangan District, Langkat District, North Sumatra.

This destination can be reached via the Medan-Binjai Toll Road, which takes about 3-4 hours. Situated between two villages, Namo Sialang and Sey Serdang, Tangkahan Ecotourism is known both locally and internationally for its unique charm. Interestingly, it is located in the vast area of ​​Gunung Leuser National Park.

This national park was listed as a Sumatra Rainforest World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2004. It serves as a sanctuary for Sumatran tigers, Sumatran rhinoceroses, Sumatran orangutans and Sumatran elephants.

Tangkahan protects nine endangered Sumatran elephants, but it offers more than that: stunning, pristine rainforest spanning 17,000 hectares, adorned with ancient trees, wild primates such as orangutans, waterfalls, caves and hot springs.

Activities at Tangkahan Ecotourism include swimming with Sumatran elephants, river tubing, swimming in the river, pitching tents in specially designated areas and exploring natural caves. Come experience the charm of Tangkahan, where conservation meets adventure in the heart of Sumatra.

3. Tanjung Puting National Park

Tanjung Puting National Park is both a nature reserve and a natural attraction in Central Kalimantan. Located in the southwest of the peninsula, specifically in Kumai County, this park in Central Kalimantan was originally designated as a nature reserve and wildlife sanctuary in 1936.

Tanjung Puting Nature Reserve has been designated a biosphere reserve reserves of Indonesia by UNESCO in 1977. It was subsequently designated as a national park in 1984.

Within its boundaries, Tanjung Puting contains many diverse ecosystems, including tropical forests, lowlands, dry forests, freshwater swamp forests, mangrove forests, coastal forests and secondary forests. This national park is home to several protected species, including the endemic orangutan, proboscis monkey, red monkey, bear, deer and wild cat. Tanjung Puting National Park is also the first orangutan rehabilitation center in Indonesia.

When you visit Tanjung Puting, explore famous places like Tanjung Harapan, Pondok Tanggui, Camp Leiki, Natai Lengkuas, Danau Burung and Sungai Buluh. To see all of Tanjung Puting National Park, plan your visit between June and September each year. Immerse yourself in the fascinating biodiversity and conservation efforts of this remarkable place.

4. Ujung Kulon National Park

Ujung Kulon National Park, located in Banten Province, has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991, giving it the status of a protected area. Ujung Kulon is currently home to the critically endangered Javan rhinoceros, a species characterized by a single horn.

The park is also home to other protected wildlife, including long-tailed macaques, ​​wild boars, peacocks, Javan gibbons and langurs. This national park has a variety of forest types that contribute to its rich biodiversity, including riparian forests, mangrove forests, freshwater swamp forests, lowland rainforests and grasslands - all for you to explore.

Enjoy the natural beauty of the national park Ujung Kulon Park, visiting key attractions such as Panaitan Island, Khandeleum and Peukang. Immerse yourself in the diverse ecosystems and rare wildlife that make this UNESCO-protected destination a treasure trove for nature lovers.

5. Gunung Leuser National Park

For adventurers who love the wild jungle, look no further than Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser in Aceh and North Sumatra. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2004, this national park promises to explore pristine ecosystems ranging from coastal areas to towering mountains surrounded by lush rainforests.

Travel to Bukit Lawang and Tangkahan for a Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser area for an exciting experience. In Bukit Lawang, you will witness semi-wild rehabilitated orangutans in their natural habitat. Enjoy the beauty of the forest panorama while trekking or thrilling tubing and river floating.

To get to Bukit Lawang, you can take land transport from Medan, Binjai or Stabat. . It is approximately 80 km from Medan and the trip will take 3-4 hours. The entrance fee to Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser is IDR 150,000 per foreign visitor and IDR 5,000 per local visitor.

For those who want to experience Tangkahan, continue your journey from Bukit Lawang to private cars or ojek (motorcycle taxi). The distance is about 50 km, the trip takes 2-3 hours. The entrance fee to Tangkahan is IDR 50,000 for foreign visitors and IDR 10,000 for local visitors. Embark on an exciting adventure as you discover the wonders of Gunung Leuser National Park.

6. Kerinci-Seblat National Park

Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat, the largest national park in Sumatra, is located in four provinces: West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra. This vast area was designated a UNESCO Asia-Pacific World Heritage Site in 2004 for its role as a sanctuary for some 4,000 plant species, including the iconic Rafflesia Arnoldii and Amorphophallus titanum.

Get into the spirit of adventure , traversing this diverse landscape, cooling off in natural hot springs, traveling along winding rivers, exploring enchanting caves, admiring cascading waterfalls and visiting Southeast Asia's highest caldera lake, Danau Gunung Tujuh.


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