Unique Hyrcanian (Caspian)

Unique Hyrcanian (Caspian)

Iran
The unique Hyrcanian (Caspian) forests in northern Iran have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The World Heritage Committee has included natural sites in the Islamic Republic of Iran on the World Heritage List.

These forests are located in the northern part of Iran, along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and the northern part of the Elburz Mountains.
These broadleaf forests extend along the 850 km coastline of the Caspian Sea and are between 25 and 50 million years old, when most of the northern temperate regions were covered by these forests. Forests became smaller during the Quaternary Ice Age, but then expanded again at the end of the Ice Age.
The forests were once listed as one of the World Wildlife Fund's two hundred natural wildlife species. The forests of Hyrcania, excluding plants and animals, are home to about seven and a half million people.
These forests are very rich in vegetation - more than 3,200 plant species. Although about seven percent of Iran's territory is covered, but 44 percent of Iran's known vascular plants are found in these forests. To date, 58 species of birds and 58 species of mammals have been identified in these forests, including the famous Iranian cheetah.

Source: Уникальные Гирканские (Каспий)

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